Niagara Falls

Length of brink:  1060 feet /323.08 meters

Height:  176 feet / 53.6 meters (due to rocks at the base actual fall is 70 feet/ 21.3 meters)

Volume of water: 150,000 U.S. Gallons / 567,811 Liters per second

Actual amount varies, there are two hydroelectric plants which draw water into their reservoirs prior to the Falls. Their intake greatly affects the volume of water flowing over the falls.
The amount of water being siphoned away depends on  two variables. The time of year, and the time of the day.  Flow is greatest over the Falls in the daytime during peak tourist season (June, July, and August). In the event of an emergency  the flow can be somewhat reduced  by the hydroelectric companies increasing their intake.

The Bridal Veil Falls is named for its appearance. It is located next to the American falls, separated by a small piece of land called Luna Island.

The tremendous volume of water never stops flowing,  However, the falling water and mist create ice formations along the banks of the falls and river. This can result in mounds of ice as thick as fifty feet. If the winter is cold for long enough, the ice will completely stretch across the river and form what is known as the “ice bridge”.  This ice bridge can extend for several miles down river until it reaches the area known as the lower rapids.

Chicago

The City of Chicago covers an  area of 60,000 hectares and sits 176 meters (578 feet) above sea level on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. At 190 km wide and 495 km long, its the 5th largest body of fresh water in the world. The city is traversed by the Chicago and Calumet rivers. Chicago’s extensive parklands, including 3,000 hectares of city parks attract an estimated 86 million visitors annually.

As a multicultural city that thrives on the harmony and diversity of its neighborhoods, Chicago today embodies the values of America’s heartland-integrity, hard work and community and reflects the ideals in the social fabric of  its 77 distinct neighborhoods.

Chicago is recognized across the United States as a very passionate sports town.

Chicago is a leader in reforming public schools, enhancing public safety and security initiatives, providing affordable housing in attractive and economically sound communities, ensuring accessibility for all and fostering, social, economic and environmental sustainability.

London

Come to London and you’ll find a city where old and new amiably clash, high culture rubs shoulders with pearly queens – with its streets paved with regal glory.

London is a city crackling with the energy of a centre of world finance; filled with the magic of a town ruled by the on-going twists of a millennium of monarchy; charmingly cluttered by centuries of piece-by-piece hoisting skywards of grand palaces, historic monuments and quirky skyscrapers; a city bustling with English good-natured humour – and a buzzing international community of unparalleled diversity.

There’s so much to do and see, it’s difficult to know where to start. Head to Trafalgar Square, where all the roads lead outwards to one of London’s many star attractions. Then under the shadow of Nelson’s Column, simply pick a road at random.

Head west, and you pass through the leafy glades of St. James’s Park, bringing you straight into the heart of London’s pomp and ceremony – the Mall, Horse Guards Parade andBuckingham Palace. For a dose of culture, head to the British Museum. Then on to the centre of Great Britain’s ancient democracy – Westminster, with the Houses of Parliament and the towering charm of Big Ben. Here is where London’s oldest abbey quietly sits in an elegant repose – Westminster Abbey – a church where royals get married and the great and good of the kingdom are buried.

Cross Westminster Bridge to the London Eye, where you can see the city from a different perspective. Head north from Trafalgar Square and you’re quickly in the entertainment capital of the eastern hemisphere, the West End. Here you can shop-til-you-drop along Oxford Street, pick up a souvenir at Covent Garden‘s charming markets, and then give the town ‘a spin’, at one of its many theatres and playhouses. And if you decide instead to take the route eastwards, you’re in for a cultural treat. At the Southbank Centre, Royal Festival Hall and the Royal National Theatre, the capital’s finest art, dance, drama and music is performed by national companies of repute.

And this is also here where the industrial monolith of the Tate Modern pokes the banner of modern art into the sky. Keep heading east and you’ll come to a reminder of medieval London, the Tower of London, which lies back north across the river, over Tower Bridge. This is where the kings and queens of England kept their enemies. It now houses splendid collections of armour and swords, as well as many cruel devices of torture and torment.

The story of London doesn’t stop there – further east towards the sea are the old docklands of the East End, now split between crowded London squares, towering towers of finance and trendy lanes of alternative art. As is the case across all of London, the beauty of this city lies in its apparent casual chaos, its wonderful contradictions – and its timeless stories.

San Fransisco

A city made for love, not walking – San Francisco is known for its great counter-cultural history and incredibly steep hills.

Conjuring up images of peace signs, psychedelic rock music and hippies with flowers in their hair, the San Francisco of today is all that – and now even more.

With such a rich history, the hippy dream is still alive and well in San Francisco but it has been somewhat replaced by the city’s growing reputation as a global technology and innovation powerhouse. Indeed, a tie-dyed shirt would look positively out of place in the city’s financial district! This said, the new San Francisco remains one of America’s most liberal and progressive cities and retains every bit of the laid back Californian atmosphere it’s so well known for.

Given the city’s remarkably steep hills, the San Francisco cable car system is a quick, easy and relatively inexpensive way to get about. Of course, it can be very enjoyable to simply walk but it can be surprising just how tiring traversing even a few blocks can become!

San Fran is known for both the distinctive nature of its neighbourhoods and the quality of its tourist destinations. If you’re new to the city, Fisherman’s Wharf is a great place to find your bearings and sample a little of San Francisco’s famously fresh seafood.

The Wharf is also home to several of the city’s most popular attractions such as family friendly Pier 39 with its shops aquarium, as well as the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park. The Wharf even boasts its own wax museum! From there it’s just a short walk toward Union Square to indulge in some serious retail therapy.

Diversity is a very important characteristic for San Francisco, which is why simply exploring the various neighbourhoods can be very rewarding in itself. San Fran is home to the US’ largest Chinatown which can be explored independently or part of a walking tour. Little Italy is also a popular destination for tourists looking for a little something different, something that can also be found in Japan Town.

For a more traditional San Fran experience, the Embarcadero on the eastern seafront offers spectacular views across the bay and countless charming restaurants. If you’d prefer to make something for yourself, the Embarcadero also features an impressive farmer’s market selling the best in fresh local produce.

With so much going on, you may find yourself needing a place to relax. The Golden Gate Park (beside the iconic bridge) features 1,000 acres of delightful green space to wander about in – or for something very different indeed, why not head to Pier 33 and take a tour of the notorious Alcatraz prison island? Thankfully the ferry offers return tickets.

Las Vegas

A brightly lit, fast-paced party town where you can try your luck in the casinos and enjoy the thrilling nightlife.

Visitors from across the world flock to Las Vegas to try their luck in the legendary casinos and admire the dazzling neon signs that dominate the skyline. But you’ll soon discover Sin City is about more than bright lights – there’s also a wealth of things to do.

What was once a humble town in the midst of the Nevada desert is now a thriving playground. Since it was issued its first gaming licence back in the 1930s, Las Vegas has welcomed all kinds of people to enjoy the high life here, from notorious gangsters to the Rat Pack to the modern day entertainers.

Of course the city is well known across the world today for its wild entertainment, casinos and attractions, but even if you’re visiting with the family you’ll find a more innocent side away from the party scene. Head for the Fremont Street Experiencewhere you can enjoy the evening parade, or take in the nightly fountain light show at Bellagio Casino.

Take a trip to the Shark Reef Aquarium at Mandalay Bay to come face to face with fascinating sea creatures. Or go up the towering Stratosphere to try the exhilarating, record-breaking free-fall ride. Head out of town meanwhile and you can explore the magnificent Grand Canyon, a truly spectacular sights and on the list of natural wonders of the world.

As well as all the fun and games, Las Vegas offers a real paradise experience for shoppers too, with designer boutiques and malls that make it a retail heaven to match metropolises like New York and Los Angeles. Head for the Forum Shops set in truly sumptuous surroundings inspired by Ancient Rome, to see what is on offer and go window shopping in the famous outlets. Then when you’ve explored the shops and found bargains to take back home, stop off for a bite to eat at one of the famous all-you-can-eat buffets or the wide range of fine-dining restaurants.

The city’s incredible themed casino hotels that sit along the Las Vegas Strip have to be explored too, wherever you decide to stay. Explore Ancient Rome at Caesars Palace or be transported to Italy in the winding canals of The Venetian; enjoy a cocktail at the top of the Eiffel Tower at the Paris Hotel, see the Mirage’s erupting volcanoes, or admire the iconic skyline of the city that never sleeps at New York New York. Las Vegas has so much for visitors to see and enjoy.

Honolulu

From surfing waves to sunbathing, exploring volcanoes and visiting Pearl Harbour, Hawaii’s capital Honolulu has it all.

Located on Oahu Island, Honolulu is Hawaii’s state capital and its best-known resort destination. Blessed with long days of sunshine, it is a great place to go and while away the hours on the beach. Don your floral shirt, wrap a colourful lei around your neck, get yourself a cocktail and immerse yourself in the sunny, harmonious atmosphere.

As soon as you arrive and see the sunshine, you will definitely want to go straight to Waikiki Beach. One of the world’s most famous beaches, here you can join the surfers and swimmers in the turquoise waters. Or you can visit Kapiolani Park, home to the Honolulu Zoo as well as the extinct Diamond Headvolcano. If you want to try your hand at snorkelling, pay a visit to Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve or Halona Beach, known to visitors as Eternity Beach.

As well as being a paradise resort for visitors who flock here from all over the world, Honolulu is a key town where most of Hawaii’s citizens reside. This is predominantly an Asian town, and you’ll see this in the food on offer in the local restaurants. Try one of their traditional dishes such as “laulau”, pork wrapped in taro leaves, or “poke”, a raw fish salad.

In the downtown area, you’ll find temples, nightlife and plenty of charming shops. The Aloha Tower is a renowned icon of Honolulu, where you can sit in the cafes and enjoy the stunning views out across the bay. At the Ala Moana Center, meanwhile, you’ll find some splendid outdoor market stalls to explore. The town is also home to a royal palace, where you can find out more about the island’s Polynesian heritage.

Make sure you visit Pearl Harbor, where you can still see the USS Arizona Memorial by the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum, and find out more about the history of one of the Second World War’s most pivotal moments.

Hawaii is the southernmost state in the U.S., and Honolulu is home to some of its most famous attractions. It’s a busy place, famous for its traffic jams, so getting around cheaply and quickly on buses and trolleys is a smart move. That way you can explore the culture, enjoy the natural beauty and make the most of the climate when you visit.

Los Angeles

Known the world over as the City of Angels, this vibrant, glamorous city is home to some of the world’s most famous stars.

Millions of visitors come to LA each year to see if they can spot those who have made it big in Hollywood and maybe aspire to join their heroes in stardom and fame.

The city of LA is synonymous with the film industry, an integral part of the city’s history and a key attraction in modern day LA. Visitors will find themselves caught up in the excitement and buzz of the city when they first spot the famous Hollywood sign.

Start your Hollywood adventure on the main boulevard, home to the world-renowned Walk of Fame and share your experience with over 2,300 of the entertainment industry’s stars, both past and present. Film buffs should check out Grauman’s Chinese Theatre which has played host to numerous movie premiers.

If you have not yet had your fill of stardom, take a tour of the Dolby Theatre which hosts the Academy Awards every year. Situated at the heart of Hollywood, the Highland Centre is a great place to peruse the many shops and grab a bite to eat. With the numerous restaurants, bars and even nightclubs there is something here to entertain visitors around the clock. The newly opened Madame Tussauds and the Hollywood History Museum can be found just around the corner. If you’re looking for a bit more action and adrenaline, head towards Universal Studios for a fascinating tour of the studios that have made movie legends for the last century.

Los Angeles offers one of the best shopping experiences in the world; this comes as no surprise given the star studded nature of the city. From high end designers to quirky independent stores, the city is bursting with diverse and unique shopping experiences. LA is the United States West Coast’s must see for fashion junkies and film buffs alike. Boasting areas such as Rodeo Drive in Beverley Hills to The LA Fashion District in Downtown, this city sets the trend for the entire region.

Due to its ideal location in the southern California, LA is a great place to visit for families and sun seekers. The numerous golden beaches are just as iconic as the Hollywood sign itself and are adored by both locals and visitors. The eccentric vibe of Venice Beach will satisfy even the most hard core of sun seekers.